Psalms Bible Walk Outline

Sepher Tehillim “Book of Praises”

Theme: Israel praises, prays to, and ponders God

Tod Kennedy


  1. Theme: Israel praises, prays to, and ponders God.
    • The Psalms were Israel’s God-inspired temple hymnal and poetry book.
    • The Psalms reveal God and they reveal Israel’s response to God.
    • The Psalms represent the experiences of Israel’s struggles.
    • Israel sang of God’s past deliverances and blessings, of God’s word as her source of comfort, strength, and guidance, and of her future.
  2. Overview Outline of the Psalms. There are five books in the Psalms.
  3. History and Organization. The 150 different Psalms were written over approximately 1000 years.
    • The name “Psalms” comes from Codex Vaticanus.
    • The Psalter was formed in gradual stages over a period of a thousand years.
    • The Psalms have been organized into five books.
    • The headings of the individual chapters are part of the Hebrew text and as such are inspired and accurate.
    • The Psalms have technical names that indicate the type of psalm.
    • The numbering of the Psalms varies a little, with the Greek and the Vulgate slightly different from the Hebrew.
    • The verse numbers also differ between the Greek and the Hebrew texts because the Hebrew superscriptions.
    • The Psalms have at least three text types.
  4. The headings (superscriptions) have notes that indicate author, music, director, and instruments.
    • Ninety Psalms name their author, while 60 Psalms are anonymous.
    • Many of the Psalms have notes to indicate the director or performer.
    • Some Psalms have notes about the instruments.
    • Melody indicators are also placed in the superscription or heading and indicate “to the tune of.”
  5. The Psalms were written with meter (rhythm) and parallelism.
    • Synonymous parallelism.
    • Antithetical parallelism.
    • Emblematic parallelism.
    • Synthetic parallelism.
    • Climactic parallelism.
    • Alphabetic or acrostic Psalms.
  6. There are different categories or kinds of psalms based upon their themes.
    • Imprecatory psalms
    • Lament psalms
    • Messianic psalms
    • Penitential psalms
    • Royal psalms proclaim God the king
    • Thanksgiving, praise, and declaration
    • Wisdom psalms
  7. Key words and phrases in the New American SB. Numbers vary with the translation.
    • Anoint, anointed. = messiah. 14x
    • Bless, blessed, blessing(s), 108x
    • Enemy, 21x.
    • God’s Power, 21x
    • Heart, 121x
    • Israel 62x
    • King, 39x
    • Praise, 123x
    • Prayer, 32x.
    • Righteous, 66x
    • Salvation, 61x
    • Thanks, 50x
    • Trust, 32x
    • Word, 57x. Also law 34x, testimony 5x, precepts 24x, commandments 25x, and judgments 14x
    • Worship, 13x; 17x by Hebrew word chavah in the eshtaphal stem
  8. Key doctrines
    • War against God and God’s people, 2; 59
    • Deadly danger, prayer, waiting, deliverance, praise, 22
    • Dispensation of Israel, 78; 114
    • Divine attributes, 19, 139, and 145
    • Encouragement, 13, 23, and 31
    • Faith and rest, 37
    • Fellowship with God, 27, 34, 40, 42,
    • Forgiveness, 32 and 51
    • God’s faithfulness, 23
    • God’s word, 19 and 119
    • Messiah, 110
    • Praise, 145-150
    • Suffering, 22
    • Worship, 66, 99
  9. Lessons for us today
  • We ought to turn to God in time of trouble.
  • We ought to listen to God, believe him, praise him, worship him, and serve him—as the song says, “trust and obey.
  • We ought to desire close fellowship with God every day of our lives—to live as friends of God.
  • We ought to listen to the psalms and experience the forgiveness, blessing, comfort, refreshment.
  • We ought to study God’s word, meditate in it, and delight in it.
  • We ought to bless Israel and pray for her restoration.
  • We ought to be informed, prepared, and fight the spiritual war with God’s power and God’s weapons.