Immanuel and the Humanity of Jesus Christ

Immanuel—God with Us

  1. The redemptive line begins in Genesis 3:15. The Bible predicts the virgin conception in Isaiah 7:14. The place of birth is predicted in Micah 5:2.
  2. Matthew 1:18-2:12. Matthew indicates the virgin conception by the Holy Spirit, Jesus’ birth, His humanity and deity, the purpose for the birth to save from sins, and the place as a fulfillment of prophecy.
  3. Luke 2:1-20. Luke gives the date, why they were in Bethlehem, the fact of the birth, the announcement by the angel. Immanuel (God with us), Jesus the Christ, became man at the incarnation. He was then qualified to be the mediator between God and man (Philippians 2:8; 1 Timothy 1:15; 2:5-6). Notice the emphasis in Luke 2:10-11: the Savior, Christ the Lord.
  4. Why did Immanuel come?
    • To save sinners, 1 Timothy 1:15.
    • To be the sacrifice for sin, Hebrews 10:1-12.
    • To be a priest forever, Hebrews 5:1-6.
    • To destroy the works of Satan, 1 John 3:8.

The Humanity of Jesus Christ

  1. Jesus’ humanity can be studied under the following words: Born, Human soul and spirit, Body, Actions, Names, Died. Jesus was truly human. Jesus had to be truly human because the Messiah was to be a man, He was to die, and be raised physically, and He was to fulfill the Davidic Covenant. He was to be a prophet, priest, and King. Christ possessed a true human body of flesh and blood; He possessed a human soul and human spirit. He was different in the fact that He had no sin nature, imputed sin, or personal sin.
  2. Christ was born as a human being from a human mother, the virgin birth, Galatians 4:4; Luke 2:1-20. He grew up as a human from a baby to boyhood to manhood, Luke 2-3.
  3. Christ possessed a human soul and human spirit, Matthew 26:38; Luke 23:46.
  4. Christ possessed a body of flesh, 1 John 4:2; John 1:14; Hebrews 10:5.
  5. Christ was subject to normal human actions such as hunger, Matthew 4:2; thirst, John 19:28; physical exhaustion, John 4:6; proper emotional response, John 11:35; underwent spiritual testing, Hebrews 4:15.
  6. Christ possessed human names or titles:
    • Son of Man, Luke 19:10.
    • Jesus, Matthew 1:21.
    • Son of David, Mark 10:47.
    • Man, I Timothy 2:5.
  7. Christ died physically and was raised physically, John 19:30-42 and John 20-21; Matthew 27-28.